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  2. Tagged #fishermen
     
  3. Prison Hulks on the River Thames, Woolwich, c.1856. © Greenwich Local History Library

    Created following the 1776 statute which ordered that male prisoners sentenced to transportation should be put to hard labour improving the navigation of the Thames,12 the hulks were an emergency measure to cope with prison overcrowding following the interruption to transportation caused by the outbreak of war with America. The London focus of the act is evident in the fact the work took place on the Thames, and the influence of reformist principles can be seen in the fact that prisoners were put to hard labour and subjected to restrictive discipline. The first ships, the Justicia and the Censor, took on their first convicts in August 1776. The hulks were run by contractors, overseen by the Middlesex Justices of the Peace.

    There were difficulties from the start. Crowded and insanitary conditions led to a high mortality rate (from August 1776 to April 1778 176 of 632 prisoners on board died), largely due to gaol fever (typhus).13 Belatedly medical treatment was provided, from 1779 in a separate hospital ship. There were mutinies, and many prisoners escaped from the work parties on shore. Problems with prisoner morale led the authorities to offer pardons to well-behaved prisoners; this practice also addressed the problem of overcrowding.

    Despite attempts to address these problems, the hulks remained crowded and expensive, and in a sense contributed to the very phenomenon of criminal intransigence they were meant to solve. Their presence led to pressure for the resumption of transportation, but even after transportation was resumed the hulks remained, to be used as a place for confining and punishing prisoners prior to the departure of the transport ships. During the first twenty years, 8,000 prisoners spent time in the hulks.

    London Lives 1690 to 1800

     
  4. moncabinetdecuriosites:

    The Deluge, John Martin, 1834

    via wikipedia

     
  5. Trnasmundo by Remedios Varo, 1955

    moncabinetdecuriosites: reality-breaker: klaatu: surrealism

     
  6. moncabinetdecuriosites:

    my-ear-trumpet:

    ktkeating:

    Illustration from 1869 edition of 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, Jules Verne

    [A]ll the ships in Jules Verne are perfect cubby-holes, and the vastness of their circumnavigation further increases the bliss of their closure, the perfection of their inner humanity. The Nautilus, in this regard, is the most desirable of all caves: the enjoyment of being enclosed reaches its paroxysm when, from the bosom of this unbroken inwardness, it is possible to watch, through a large window-pane, the outside vagueness of the waters, and thus define in a single act, the inside by means of its opposite- Roland Barthes, Mythologies

     
  7. Tagged #ship design
     

  8. mudwerks:

    A picture of life on board Britain’s 19th Century prison ships has emerged with the publication online of details of some of the 200,000 inmates.

    The records outline the disease-ridden conditions on the “prison hulks”, created to ease overcrowding elsewhere. The prisoners included eight-year-old Francis Creed, who was jailed for seven years on HMS Bellerophon for stealing three shillings worth of copper.

    The records, held by National Archives, are published online at Ancestry.co.uk.

    The Prison Hulk Registers and Letter Books 1802-1849 include character reports written by the “gaoler”. Creed served his term alongside murderers, thieves and bigamists after being convicted in Middlesex on 25 June, 1823.

    The records provide a fascinating insight into the personalities of many major, and minor, criminals of the Victorian age. Another inmate of the era was 84-year-old William Davies, who was sentenced to seven years for stealing sheep…

     Continue reading »

    Tagged #PRISON SHIP
     
  9. A starboard running light from the big Percy & Small 6-master Alice M. Lawrence shows the complexity of this crucial equipment: the Fresnel lense to amplify the lamplight; the weather-tight inner mount that allows air in for the lamp to burn, but not be blown out in a gust; and the vent for the fumes and heat. The lamp’s reservoir had to be big enough to last the night.The Lawrence broke up on Tuckernuck Shoal in 1914, eight years after her Bath launch. Much of her rig and other gear, including her riding lights were salvaged and used in other vessels.

     
  10. Dawn on the Kill van Kull, New York Harbor

    The gantry operator has a fantastic vantage point but a schedule that prevents him from stopping to enjoy it.

    photo by Will Van Dorp

     
  11. Prô-volant des îles Mulgrave, Oceanie.

    Méryon, Charles, 1821-1868 (Etcher)

    Avery, Samuel Putman, 1822-1904 (Collector) - Delâtre, Auguste, 1822-1907 (Printer of Plates) Dated 1866

    Samuel Putnam Avery Collection / Charles Méryon. / Views of the Pacific

     
  12. Daily Menu, Dinner

    Compagnie General Transatlantique; Aboard Paquebot SS LA PROVENCE 1907

    See Reverse »

     
  13. Hospital Ship KOSAI MARU

    Japan - Red Cross Postcard 4; Late Meiji era

    Artist Unknown, Japanese
    Publisher: Sano joshi, Japanese

    Collotype; color lithograph; ink on card stock
    Postcard; Russo-Japanese War
    Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
    Leonard A. Lauder Collection of Japanese Postcards, 2002

     
  14. The Toilers of the Sea - Kieron Cropper's Flickr photostream

     
  15. The holocam is lowered into the Gulf of Mexico, where data indicated the Deepwater Horizon subsurface oil plume is located. It will image and measure oil droplets that make up the plume. (Photo courtesy of Cabell Davis, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)

    Tracking a Trail of Oil Droplets
    WHOI Devices Create Ways to See Tiny Things in a Big Ocean »