The volcanic island of Krakatoa, located between Java and Sumatra, experienced its most violent eruption in 1883. With a VEI of 6, its nuclear yield was around 13,000 times greater than the bomb dropped on Hiroshima.
In its wake, some 165 villages and towns were devastated, and more than 36,000 people killed – many, from the resulting tsunamis.
The ash ejected from the volcano tinted the skies of Europe and America red, and is thought to have inspired Edvard Munch’s painting, The Scream.
Pictured is a lithograph of the explosion.