The renowned German scientist Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919) was an early proponent of Darwinism who did much to popularize the work of the English naturalist in his home country. His scientific works were praised by Darwin, even though their ideas diverged on several important points, and his books outsold On the Origin of Species.
A member of more than 90 learned international societies, he was selected as one of the consultants to the Challenger Expedition, the first non-commercial exploration of deep-sea environment. He coined the terms “philum”, “phylogeny”, “Darwinism”, and “ecology”, and was the first to postulate a missing link between ape and man…
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Ernst Haeckel portrait by Minouette