1. Glossary : The Sailor’s Duffle Coat

    The Duffle Coat is a perfect sartorial example of form following function. The signature three quarter length design was popularised by those hardy souls from in Royal Navy during the first World War.

    Featuring a hood, neck strap, tartan lining and most notably ‘walrus tooth’ fastenings, it was born out of necessity. The thick, coarse wool which makes up the coat was first created in the Belgian town of Duffel, although in typically English fashion a little tweak to the spelling was in order.

    While the woollen material came from Belgium, the first version of the duffle coat itself was conceived in the UK.

    keep reading on OiPolloi

  4. The Exodus 1947 ship left France in July 1947 carrying more than 4,500 people — most of them Holocaust survivors and other displaced Jews — in a secret effort to reach Palestine. At the time, Britain controlled Palestine and was limiting the immigration of Jews.

    The British navy seized the vessel off Palestine’s shores, and after a battle on board that left three people dead, turned the ship and its passengers back to Europe, where the refugees were forced to disembark in Germany.

    from Captain of famed Exodus refugee ship dies at 86

  5. Ship of the Line

    about 1730; Boxwood
    Overall (including cradle): 106.7 x 51.4 x 135.3 cm (42 x 20 1/4 x 53 1/4 in.)
    Classification: Models

    Vessels with fifty to sixty guns were the most lightly armed ships of the line and were classed as fourth rate in the Royal Navy. In 1716 a British order required the building of a model of every ship that was to be constructed or reconstructed; such models often are the only surviving record of historic vessels. This model may have been built to show proposed rigging alterations for an existing vessel, since the hull was carved from a solid block, with no attempt to show the framing.

  6. Bow view… HMS Warrior drydocked

    Original (1984 x 1488)

      -photo by umbry101

    HMS Warrior was the first iron-hulled, armour-plated warship, built for the Royal Navy in response to the first ironclad warship, the French La Gloire, launched a year earlier.

    When completed in October 1861, Warrior was by far the largest, fastest, most heavily armed and most heavily armoured warship the world had ever seen. She was almost twice the size of La Gloire and thoroughly outclassed the French ship in speed, armour, and gunnery.

    Her construction started an intense international competition between guns and armour that did not end until air power made battleships obsolete in the Second World War. HMS Warrior became an early example of the trend towards rapid battleship obsolescence and was withdrawn as a fighting unit in May 1883. Listed as part of the National Historic Fleet, Core Collection, she is now a museum ship in Portsmouth, United Kingdom.

    more on wiki >

  7. greatestgeneration:

    Improving American/British relations… This guy is doing his part

  9. HMS Griffon Plan of Ventilation  c. 1878

    Description: Page from the Medical and surgical journal of Dr Thomas Browne, Staff Surgeon aboard HMS Griffon.

    Scale plan of the ship’s ventilation which Browne contrasts with older poorly ventilated ships.

    Original (800 x 1259)

    see also: Pioneer Gunboat

  10. Special Relationship

    Description: World War II propaganda poster focusing on the Anglo-American alliance. Hitler and Goebbels are in the background

    Date: c.1943

  11. greatestgeneration:

    Landing craft taking part in Operation Jubilee, the raid on Dieppe.

    The Dieppe Raid, also known as The Battle of Dieppe, Operation Rutter or later on Operation Jubilee, during the Second World War, was an Allied attack on the German-occupied port of Dieppe on the northern coast of France on 19 August 1942. The assault began at 5:00 AM and by 10:50 AM the Allied commanders had been forced to call a retreat. Over 6,000 infantrymen, predominantly Canadian, were supported by large Royal Navy and Royal Air Force contingents. The objective was to seize and hold a major port for a short period, both to prove it was possible and to gather intelligence from prisoners and captured materials while assessing the German responses. The Allies also wanted to destroy coastal defences, port structures and all strategic buildings.

    No major objectives of the raid were accomplished. A total of 3,623 of the 6,086 men (almost 60%) who made it ashore were either killed, wounded, or captured. The air force failed to lure the Luftwaffe into open battle, losing 96 aircraft (at least 32 to Flak or accidents)[1] compared to 48 lost by the Luftwaffe, while the Royal Navy lost 33 landing craft and one destroyer. The events at Dieppe later influenced preparations for the North African (Operation Torch) and Normandy Landings (Operation Overlord).

    more on Wiki

  12. Book: THE LADY TARS: The Autobiographies of Hannah Snell, Mary Lacy and Mary Anne Talbot

    We know that women served as sailors in the Royal Navy as early as 1650. Unfortunately, what little we know of these women is based largely on second- and third-hand accounts and deductions. In general, few seamen (and even fewer sea-women) knew how to write. As a result, there exists no first-hand, autobiographical, accounts; with three exceptions.

    Three women, three lady tars, left memoirs of their experiences serving as men in the Royal Navy.

  13. Sinking of the HMS Hood on 24 May 1941

     -Painting by J.C. Schmitz-Westerholt

    When war with Germany was declared in September 1939, Hood was operating in the area around Iceland, protecting convoys from German attack. After a brief overhaul to her engine plant she sailed as the flagship of Force H and as such participated in the destruction of the French Fleet at Mers-el-Kebir intended to deny it to the Germans.

    Relieved as flagship of Force H she was dispatched to Scapa Flow, and operated in the area as a convoy escort and later as an intercept force against a potential invasion fleet from Germany. In May 1941, she and Prince of Wales were ordered to intercept the German battleship Bismarck which was en route to attack convoys in the Atlantic.

    On 24 May 1941, in the Battle of the Denmark Strait, Hood was destroyed in an explosion that split the battlecruiser into two pieces. The loss of Hood had a profound effect on the British, and the resulting orders from Prime Minister Winston Churchill to the Royal Navy to “sink the Bismarck” culminated in a naval battle on 26–27 May that ended in the sinking of the Bismarck.

    more on Wiki

  14. oncewasengland:

    Found WW2 British kit bag

    (Source: oncewasengland)

  15. Royal Navy Alphabet U - from a children’s book dating from the first world war.